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Total metabolic tumor volume, circulating tumor cells, cell-free DNA: distinct prognostic value in follicular lymphoma

Abstract : Outcomes for follicular lymphoma (FL) have greatly improved, but most patients will ultimately relapse. High total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV), computed from baseline 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (PET), is associated with shorter progression-free survival (PFS), but circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and cell-free DNA (cfDNA) may also reflect tumor burden and be of prognostic value. The aim of our study was to correlate CTCs and cfDNA with TMTV in FL at diagnosis and to determine their prognostic values. We retrospectively analyzed 133 patients (with previously untreated FL and a baseline PET) from 2 cohorts with either a baseline plasma sample (n = 61) or a bcl2-JH-informative peripheral blood (PB) sample (n = 68). Quantification of circulating bcl2-JH+ cells and cfDNA was performed by droplet digital polymerase chain reaction. A significant correlation was found between TMTV and both CTCs (P < .0001) and cfDNA (P < .0001). With a median 48-month follow-up, 4-year PFS was lower in patients with TMTV > 510 cm3 (P = .0004), CTCs >0.0018 PB cells (P = .03), or cfDNA >2550 equivalent-genome/mL (P = .04). In comparison with TMTV alone, no additional prognostic information was obtained by measuring CTCs. In contrast, Cox multivariate analysis, including cfDNA and TMTV, showed that both cfDNA and TMTV remained predictive of outcome. In conclusion, CTCs and cfDNA correlate with TMTV in FL, and all 3 influence patient outcome. PFS was shorter for patients with high cfDNA and TMTV, suggesting that these parameters provide relevant information for tumor-tailored therapy.
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Contributeur : LNC - université de Bourgogne Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 12 juillet 2018 - 11:02:18
Dernière modification le : dimanche 26 juin 2022 - 01:54:54

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Marie-Hélène Delfau-Larue, Axel van Der Gucht, Jehan Dupuis, Jean-Philippe Jais, Isabelle Nel, et al.. Total metabolic tumor volume, circulating tumor cells, cell-free DNA: distinct prognostic value in follicular lymphoma. Blood Advances, 2018, 2 (7), pp.807 - 816. ⟨10.1182/bloodadvances.2017015164⟩. ⟨hal-01836273⟩



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