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Anticipatory Postural Adjustments and kinematic arm features when postural stability is manipulated

Abstract : Beyond the classical paradigm that presents the Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs) as a manner to create forces that counteract disturbances arising from the moving segment during a pointing task, there is a controversial discussion about the role APAs to facilitate the movement and perform a task accurately. In addition, arm kinematics features are classically used to infer the content of motor planning for the execution and the control of arm movements, The present study aimed to disentangle the conflicting role of APAs during an arm-pointing task in which the subjects reach a central diode that suddenly turns on, while their postural stability was manipulated. Three postures were applied: Standing (Up), Sit without feet support (SitUnsup) and Sit with feet support (SitSup). We found that challenging postural stability induced an increase of the reaction time and movement duration (observed for the SitUnsup compared to SitSUp and Up) as well as modified the upper-limb velocity profile. Indeed, a greater max velocity and a shorter deceleration time were observed under the highest stability (SitSup). Thus, these Kinematics features reflect less challenging task and simple motor plan when the body is stabilized. Concerning the APAs, we observed the presence of them independently of the postural stability. Such a result strongly suggests that APAs act to facilitate the limb movement and to counteract perturbation forces. In conclusion, the degree of stability seems particularly tuned to the motor planning of the upper-limb during a pointing task whereas the postural chain (sitting vs. standing) was lalso determinant for APAs.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01857723
Contributeur : Caps - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : vendredi 17 août 2018 - 10:09:58
Dernière modification le : vendredi 24 mai 2019 - 17:25:47

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Bianca Callegari, Ghislain Saunier, Manuela Brito Duarte, Gizele Cristina da Silva Almeida, Cesar Ferreira Amorim, et al.. Anticipatory Postural Adjustments and kinematic arm features when postural stability is manipulated. PeerJ, PeerJ, 2018, ⟨10.7717/peerj.4309⟩. ⟨hal-01857723⟩

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