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Inoculation of Torulaspora delbrueckii as a bio-protection agent in winemaking

Abstract : In oenology, bio-protection consists in adding bacteria, yeasts or a mixture of microorganisms on grape must before fermentation in order to reduce the use of chemical compounds such as sulphites. More particularly, non-Saccharvinyces yeasts are used as a total or partial alternative to sulphites. However, scientific data capable of proving the effectiveness of adding these yeasts on grape must is lacking. This study reports the analysis of antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of one non-Saccharamyces yeast, Torulaspora delbruecicii, inoculated at the beginning of the white winemaldng process in two Burgundian wineries as an alternative to sulphiting. The implantation of the T. delbrueckii strain was successful in both wineries and had no impact on fermentation kinetics. Adding T. delbrueckii reduced biodiversity during the pre -fermentation stages compared to sulphited controls and it also effectively limited the development of spoilage microorganisms in the same way as the addition of sulphites. T. delbrueckii could protect must and wine from oxidation as demonstrated by the analysis of colour and phenolic compounds. This is the first evidence that early addition of T. ddbrueckii during wine making can be a microbiogical and chemical alternative to sulphites. However, its contribution seems to be matrix dependent.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01895361
Contributeur : Pam - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : lundi 15 octobre 2018 - 10:33:41
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:14:13

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Scott Simonin, Herve Alexandre, Maria Nikolantonaki, Christian Coelho, Raphaëlle Tourdot-Maréchal. Inoculation of Torulaspora delbrueckii as a bio-protection agent in winemaking. Food Research International, Elsevier, 2018, 107, pp.451 - 461. ⟨10.1016/j.foodres.2018.02.034⟩. ⟨hal-01895361⟩

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