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Article Dans Une Revue BMC Palliative Care Année : 2018

End-of-life situations in cardiology: a qualitative study of physicians' and nurses’ experience in a large university hospital

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Résumé

Background: rofessional societies call for integration of end-of-life discussions early in the trajectory of heart failure, yet it remains unclear where current practices stand in relation to these recommendations. We sought to describe the perceptions and attitudes of caregivers in cardiology regarding end-of-life situations. Methods: e performed a qualitative study using semi-directive interviews in the cardiology department of a university teaching hospital in France. Physicians, nurses and nurses’ aides working full-time in the department at the time of the study were eligible. Participants were asked to describe how they experienced end-of-life situations. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and coded using thematic analysis to identify major and secondary themes. Results: ll physicians (N = 16)(average age 43.5 ± 13 years), 16 nurses (average age 38.5 ± 7.6 years) and 5 nurses’ aides (average age 49 ± 7.8 years) participated. Interviews were held between 30 March and 17 July 2017. The main themes to emerge from the physicians’ discourse were the concept of cardiology being a very active discipline, and a very curative frame of mind was prevalent. Communication (with paramedical staff, patients and families) was deemed to be important. Advance directives were thought to be rare, and not especially useful. Nurses also reported communication as a major issue, but their form of communication is bounded by several factors (physicians’ prior discourse, legislation). They commonly engage in reconciling: between the approach (curative or palliative) and the reality of the treatment prescribed; performing curative interventions in patients they deem to be dying cases causes them distress. The emergency context prevents nurses from taking the time necessary to engage in end-of-life discussions. They engage in comfort-giving behaviors to maximize patient comfort. Conclusion: urrent perceptions and practices vis-à-vis end-of-life situations in our department are individual, heterogeneous and not yet aligned with recommendations of professional societies.
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hal-01915630 , version 1 (28-08-2019)

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Fiona Ecarnot, Nicolas Meunier-Beillard, Marie-France Seronde, Romain Chopard, François Schiele, et al.. End-of-life situations in cardiology: a qualitative study of physicians' and nurses’ experience in a large university hospital. BMC Palliative Care, 2018, 17, pp.112. ⟨10.1186/s12904-018-0366-5⟩. ⟨hal-01915630⟩
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