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The cervicofacial lift under pure local anaesthesia diminishes the incidence of post-operative haematoma

Abstract : The cervicofacial lift is a frequently performed procedure in plastic surgery. It is the reference technique for facial rejuvenation and restoration of the oval form of the face and it is essential to treat excess skin. One of the most frequent complications of this procedure is the formation of haematomas. The aim of this article is to analyse the incidence of bleeding in the standard cervicofacial lift carried out under pure local anaesthesia. The entire operation, including liposuction and tightening of the SMAS, can be done under local anaesthesia. A total of 1500 patients, who have undergone cervicofacial lift under pure local anaesthesia between November 1995 and January 2016, were included in the study. The incidence of early bleeding (in the first 15 days following the operation) was recorded and analysed. Pre- intra- and post-operative monitoring of the arterial blood pressure revealed stable pressure in the peri‑operative period. The mean difference in blood pressure when comparing the intra-operative to the post-operative periods was 7 mmHg for the systolic BP [range from 3 to 25] and 4 mmHg [range from 2 to 12] for the diastolic BP, with lower mean values in the post-operative period. We identified nine bleeding events in 1500 patients (0.6%). The cervicofacial lift under pure local anaesthesia does not radically modify the surgical technique. It allows better control of arterial blood pressure of patients throughout the surgical procedure and avoids fluctuations in blood pressure, which is one of the main causes of bleeding and haematoma formation. The infiltration of xylocaine adrenaline combined with the absence of hypotensive general anaesthesia diminishes the incidence of haematoma and ensures an early return home for the patients.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02063497
Contributeur : Lnc - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : lundi 11 mars 2019 - 11:40:32
Dernière modification le : mardi 30 juillet 2019 - 15:42:03

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Vivien Moris, Pierre Bensa, Brice Gerenton, Philippe Rizzi, Sarah Cristofari, et al.. The cervicofacial lift under pure local anaesthesia diminishes the incidence of post-operative haematoma. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Elsevier, In press, ⟨10.1016/j.bjps.2018.10.046⟩. ⟨hal-02063497⟩

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