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Article Dans Une Revue International Journal of Molecular Sciences Année : 2019

The Role of Osteoprotegerin and Its Ligands in Vascular Function

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Résumé

The superfamily of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors includes osteoprotegerin (OPG) and its ligands, which are receptor activators of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). The OPG/RANKL/RANK system plays an active role in pathological angiogenesis and inflammation as well as cell survival. It has been demonstrated that there is crosstalk between endothelial cells and osteoblasts during osteogenesis, thus establishing a connection between angiogenesis and osteogenesis. This OPG/RANKL/RANK/TRAIL system acts on specific cell surface receptors, which are then able to transmit their signals to other intracellular components and modify gene expression. Cytokine production and activation of their receptors induce mechanisms to recruit monocytes and neutrophils as well as endothelial cells. Data support the role of an increased OPG/RANKL ratio as a possible marker of progression of endothelial dysfunction in metabolic disorders in relationship with inflammatory marker levels. We review the role of the OPG/RANKL/RANK triad in vascular function as well as molecular mechanisms related to the etiology of vascular diseases. The potential therapeutic strategies may be very promising in the future.
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Dates et versions

hal-03416940 , version 1 (05-11-2021)

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Luc Rochette, Alexandre Meloux, Eve Rigal, Marianne Zeller, Yves Cottin, et al.. The Role of Osteoprotegerin and Its Ligands in Vascular Function. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2019, 20, ⟨10.3390/ijms20030705⟩. ⟨hal-03416940⟩
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