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Plasmatic Ganglioside Profile and Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Case-Control Study

Abstract : Purpose: Gangliosides are glycosphingolipids that are particularly abundant in the nervous system, including the retina. However, their precise role in this tissue and its pathologies remain poorly understood. The objective of the present study was to characterize the ganglioside profile of human plasma and to determine whether it is affected in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Eighty-three subjects were included: control subjects (n = 25), atrophic AMD patients (n = 27) and exudative AMD patients (n = 31). For each subject, gangliosides were extracted from plasma and analyzed by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Results: GM3 appeared to be by far the major ganglioside of human plasma, associated with GD3. No specific ganglioside class was detected in the plasma of AMD patients. Fourteen molecular species of GM3 and 9 species of GD3, accounting for the variability of the ceramide moiety of the ganglioside molecule, were identified and characterized. Analyses revealed no significant differences in the proportion of these species between control, atrophic and exudative AMD patient groups. Total GM3 levels did not differ either. Conclusion: Although gangliosides are considered important for the retina's structure and function, it seems that circulating gangliosides are not associated with the retinal damage occurring during the course of AMD. (C) 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel
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Contributeur : Csga - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : vendredi 18 novembre 2016 - 15:14:14
Dernière modification le : mardi 13 juillet 2021 - 16:48:03


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Denis Dossarps, Lucy Martine, Olivier Berdeaux, Estelle Sibille, Alain M. Bron, et al.. Plasmatic Ganglioside Profile and Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Case-Control Study. Ophthalmic Research, Karger, 2016, 56 (1), pp.41 - 48. ⟨10.1159/000444059⟩. ⟨hal-01399264⟩



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